Jun 18, 2024  
2023-2024 Academic Catalog 
2023-2024 Academic Catalog Archived Catalog

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BIOH 201NL - Human Anatomy and Physiology I

Credit(s): 4

Prerequisite(s): BIOB 101  or BIOB 160  or CHMY 105  or CHMY 121  or instructor’s consent.
This course is an introduction to anatomical methodology and physiological mechanisms. Students become familiar with the systematic organization of the human body at both the micro- and macro-structural levels, the normal functions of each organ in a particular system, and the interrelationships between structure and function. Specifically covered in this semester are an introduction to histology and the integumentary, skeletal, nervous, muscular, and endocrine systems. Laboratory included. (Fall and Spring Semesters)

Course Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, students will be able to

  • Define homeostasis and explain its significance, differentiating between negative and positive feedback mechanisms.
  • Explain the basic chemical composition of matter, chemical bonding and reactions, and differentiate between inorganic and organic molecules.
  • Describe and compare the structures and functions of a cell, and methods of cellular transport.
  • Describe the four primary tissue types, recognize and name examples of each tissue type.
  • Name the tissue types and layers of the skin, compare and contrast structures of the integumentary system and its appendages.
  • Explain the classification, functions, development, and structure of bones.
  • Identify selected bones and structures of the axial and appendicular skeleton, classify joints structurally and functionally.
  • Compare and contrast three basic types of muscle tissue, describe the micro and macro structure of muscle, and the mechanisms of muscle contraction.
  • Identify selected muscles of the body, and name the action, origin, and insertion of these muscles.
  • Explain the functional and structural divisions of the nervous system, the structure and function of nervous tissue, and the basic concepts of neurophysiology.
  • Describe structure and function of the brain and spinal cord, components and actions of the peripheral nervous system, and autonomic nervous system.
  • Identify selected nerves, name the muscles that are innervated by each nerve.
  • Explain the basic concepts of neural integration.
  • Identify the endocrine organs, list the basic functions of the major endocrine organs, and describe homeostatic imbalances of these organs.
  • Compare and contrast the mechanisms of water-soluble vs. lipid-soluble hormones.
  • Describe the structure and function of organs of the special senses representing taste, smell, vision, hearing, and balance, recognizing homeostatic imbalances of the senses.

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